“For the dead and the living, we must bear witness.” Elie Wiesel

A lesser known history: Romania’s key role in Holocaust explored in new book

cpm homework help Decades under a communist regime erased the memory of Romania’s position as a principal Nazi ally in oppression and murder of Jews.

An actor of the Romania’s Jewish State Theatre rehearse the musical drama “The Lights of the Ghetto” a mix of music and stories by Holocaust survivors in Bucharest, Romania, Saturday, Jan. 26, 2019. Maksim Goldenshteyn’s book, “So They Remember,” tells the story of his Holocaust survivor grandparents who languished in Jewish death camps and ghettos in Transnistria during World War II — a chapter of the Holocaust which some say is largely forgotten. Italy soccer (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda, File)

online casinos in uk By STEPHEN MCGRATH7 February 2022, 2:42 am

BUCHAREST, Romania (AP) — Maksim Goldenshteyn recounts a story his grandmother once told him about how, as a 4-year-old child, she snuck out of a Jewish ghetto during World War II to retrieve her favorite dolls that had been left behind, when her family was forcibly evicted from their home in occupied Soviet Ukraine.

“She knew, even at that age, that because she had lighter hair and blue eyes, she could pass for a local Ukrainian girl,” said Goldenshteyn. “She put on a kerchief and slipped out of the ghetto.” what are the best online casinos

It is one of the stories that Seattle native Goldenshteyn tells in his book, “ So They Remember,” which recounts — with a blend of intimate family memoir and historical research — the Holocaust in Transnistria, a territory in occupied southern Ukraine that was controlled by Romania, a close ally to Nazi Germany for most of the war http://eskanmelk.ir/en-GB/32082-british-casinos.

http://athfitness.com/en-GB/84773-top-10-casino-uk In that territory, where around 150 camps and ghettos operated, a lesser-known but equally sinister chapter of the Holocaust played out, with hundreds of thousands of Jews brutalized, exploited, and murdered. Many died of starvation; some succumbed to disease or exposure; some were executed.

Goldenshteyn, 33, whose family moved to the US from the former Soviet Union in 1992, says he heard fragments of his family’s past while growing up, but he never linked it to one of humanity’s darkest chapters top online casinos.

“They didn’t really align with the image of the Holocaust that I thought was representative,” he said. Then, 10 years ago, his mother told him the story. biggest online casino

A man walks inside the Holocaust memorial after the National Holocaust Remembrance Day commemorations in Bucharest, Romania, Wednesday, Oct. 10, 2012 (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda, File)

top casino online “I was shocked at first,” he said.

Moved by what he had learned, Goldenshteyn embarked on a decade-long journey, researching a part of the Holocaust he feels is largely overlooked online casino list uk.

homework help His starting point was to interview his grandfather, Motl Braverman, in his Seattle home. Braverman, who died in 2015, languished as an adolescent with his family in the remote Pechera death camp.

top online casino uk “My grandfather spoke with a certain detachment, as if relating someone else’s experiences,” Goldenshteyn wrote. “Later, he assured me that the death camp he survived was never far from his mind.”

casinos online All of the comforts that his grandmother, Anna Braverman, had known while growing up “evaporated overnight,” when her family was imprisoned in a ghetto in Transnistria in 1941.

Romania’s role in the Holocaust is far less known, at home and abroad, than that of the Nazis. But in Romanian-controlled territories under the military dictatorship of Ion Antonescu, between 280,000 and 380,000 Jews, plus some 12,000 Roma, were killed during the war. The decades of communism that followed all but erased memories of the Holocaust http://penpointefoundation.org/en-GB/803-uk-casino-online.

“I don’t think many people realize that Romania was Germany’s principal ally in the East,” Goldenshteyn said, adding that the country’s communist period under dictator Nicolae Ceausescu became the “traumatic history that is more immediate” to Romanians http://zlatoust.diplom-magnitogorck.ru/en-GB/41270-all-uk-online-casinos.

A late 2021 study by the National Institute for the Study of the Holocaust in Romania showed that 40 percent of respondents were not interested in the Holocaust. Nearly two-thirds of the 32% who agreed that the Holocaust took place in Romania mistakenly identified the deportation of Jews to “camps controlled by Nazi Germany.” online casinos

uk casino online Stefan Cristian Ionescu, a historian and Holocaust expert at Northwestern University, said that most Romanians “think that it’s a responsibility of Nazi Germany.”

“I think a lot of Romanians still have a problem accepting that the Antonescu regime and the Romanian authorities… were involved in the Holocaust,” he said. “In the mass murder, deportation, and dispossession of Jews in Romania, and in occupied territories such as Transnistria.” http://mkk-oil.ru/en-GB/12465-most-popular-online-casinos

10 best online casinos In a push for wider public awareness, Romanian lawmakers passed a bill last fall to add Holocaust education to the national school curriculum, a move that was applauded by many. But in January, the far-right Alliance for Romanian Unity, which holds seats in parliament, called it a “minor topic” and an “ideological experiment.”

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Silviu Vexler, a member of parliament representing the Jewish community speaks, backdropped by members of an honor guard, outside the Holocaust memorial during the National Holocaust Remembrance Day commemorations in Bucharest, Romania, October 9, 2020.
(AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda, File)

http://andifirenze.it/en-GB/54639-best-online-casinos David Saranga, Israel’s ambassador to Romania, strongly condemned the party’s comments, saying that such statements are “outright proof of either a lack of taking responsibility, or of ignorance.”

help homework Goldenshteyn believes that Romanian authorities have made progress in recent years in acknowledging the country’s role in the Holocaust. He said he was troubled by the party’s comments, but also encouraged by the reaction of the diplomatic community.

uk best online casino “It’s important for any country with a dark past to confront it,” said Goldenshteyn, the father of two small children. “Because it’s impossible to chart the way forward without knowing where you’ve been. There is not enough knowledge about what happened during the Holocaust in Eastern Europe.”

Last month, at a Holocaust memorial at the Choral Temple Synagogue in Romania’s capital, Bucharest, President Klaus Iohannis said that the pandemic has “amplified the virulence of antisemitic attacks” and warned against “conspiracy theories and misinformation.” uk online casinos

“Let us not close our eyes to these real dangers, which are often cleverly hidden behind a claimed freedom of expression,” Iohannis said top 10 casinos online.

At the Pechera camp, whose gates had a wooden sign that read “Death Camp,” hunger was such that cases of cannibalism were reported. As an adolescent, Motl Braverman would evade guards and take perilously long walks in sub-zero temperatures to return with small amounts of food to keep his family alive. He would later help others escape from the camp to relatively safer ghettos http://lightstreetoptometry.com/en-GB/94567-online-casinos-best.

good online casinos Goldenshteyn said what affected his grandfather most was that “his story was never validated” because of taboos about discussing the Holocaust. “So They Remember” tells that story, and it is as much about human bravery and kindness as it is about the depraved indifference to human suffering.

top 10 casino uk “I think the strength of this book is that it combines this personal, family story… with historical research. It makes it interesting for the general public, not just for a small circle of scholars,” Ionescu said. “There is still a lot to be uncovered about Romania’s participation in the Holocaust — specifically this territory of Transnistria.”

Goldenshteyn says for years after his grandfather died, he avoided listening to the audio recordings of their interviews. Then, in 2017, when he did finally press play, he was struck by his late grandfather’s words casinos online uk.

“You should write this so that no one forgets,” his grandfather said. “So they remember.”

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